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Today we live in a time of transition when it comes to education. We are moving from the authoritarian style focused on the reason of the adult, to a more democratic and child-centered educational style where their needs, freedoms and motivations are more taken into account.
Raising children is one of the most difficult tasks parents face. If to this we add this debate between “lifelong” education and education based on the accompaniment of the child in his development, we find many parents who will feel lost.
When children are born, they do so without an instruction book and the only thing left for adults is to educate children to the best of their ability and knowledge. To do so there are no magic formulas since each child is a different world, but there are some keys that they can handle
1- Be an example. From a very young age, children tend to imitate all behaviors, both good and bad, of adults. Observing the actions of their parents and the adults in their environment is how they learn ethical behaviors and values. In order to be an example of the little ones, parents must be aware that they are honest and capable of doing the same as what they ask their children to do. From day-to-day customs, adults must teach their children aspects such as respecting the rules by making the little ones acquire the correct habits
2- Help them manage their feelings. Parents think that only adults are upset and that children live happily all day. But they also have concerns. The emotional world of children is equal to or more complex than that of adults. For this reason, it is important to teach children that all feelings must be considered and can be valid, but that the reaction they provoke is not always the right one. That is, teach children to put a first and last name to what they experience and feel.
3- Be open to dialogue. Communication must be the foundation of education. Words, gestures, looks and expressions serve to express feelings and to establish the attachment relationship with children. It is important to take an interest in their things and talk about what they consider important. Telling stories, talking about things like: what they have learned at school, what they have done during the day, if they have helped someone, ...
4- Be loving. Children learn to be kind and loving to others when they are treated that way. When they feel loved, they are more receptive to learning values and teachings. For this, it is necessary that the physical and emotional needs of the children are attended by providing them with a stable and safe family environment
5- Set limits without threats. It is advisable to establish clear rules and limits for children, which are consistent and are accompanied by logical explanations. Explain to the children that these rules are based on reasonable concern for their well-being and respect.
6- Teach them to respect. Children must know that their actions have an impact on others and also have to be able to recognize the vulnerability of others. That is, to know how to decipher the feelings of those who have problems: other children who feel lonely, other children who are being abused. And that they try to empathize and help rather than disqualify and get carried away by the rest. Therefore, the fair must be above the individual wishes of each person. They must be taught to seek happiness through kindness and feel good by making other people happy.
7- Do not compare. When educating children it is important to eliminate all kinds of comparisons and generalizations. Phrases like: "if you were like your brother ...", "you always do what you want ..." They do not do well
8- No to overprotection. The best way for children to explore the world is to allow them to experience things even if they make mistakes. If they are wrong, adults must be there to take care of them physically and emotionally.
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