Risks of diabetes in pregnancy

Risks of diabetes in pregnancy

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Excess glucose in the mother's body, a characteristic situation of diabetes in pregnancy, affects the baby during its maturation and growth in the uterus. Children of women with high blood sugar levels during pregnancy they are twice as likely as other children to become obese during childhood.

The relationship between diabetes in pregnancy and childhood obesity is directly proportional: the higher the concentration of glucose in the blood during pregnancy, the greater the risk of obesity after birth. If the amount of sugar is very high, the chances that the child will be overweight between the ages of five and seven increase by 89 percent and the chances that he will be obese by 82 percent.

Gestational diabetes is a common disease in pregnancy, which appears only during pregnancy and, in most cases, disappears after delivery. The increase in circulating glucose causes excessive growth of the fetus, which is known as macrosomia, which, in addition to being a risk factor for the subsequent development of overweight, is related to numerous obstetric problems.

However, the association between the development of childhood obesity and maternal diabetes is not related to the weight of the baby at birth. Being overweight at five or seven years, the so-called "fat rebound" period, predicts obesity in adulthood.

But it is not all bad news, since the analysis of the results obtained from 9,439 mother-child couples revealed that, when excess glucose is treated, through different interventions such as diet, exercise or insulin, the risk does not increase, it is similar to that of the children of "healthy" mothers.

The risk of childhood obesity caused by gestational diabetes is potentially reversible, if properly treated. The obesity of mothers predisposes them to the development of diabetes and this increases the risk that your children will be equally obese. Hyperglycemia during pregnancy is clearly implicated in the childhood obesity epidemic that affects developed countries.

To prevent these consequences, it is very important that pregnant women undergo blood glucose tests to detect the disease, that they seek medical help to treat it and that they comply with the treatments.

Between the 24th and 27th week of pregnancy, the gestational diabetes testIn case of suffering from it, the pregnant woman must have strict blood sugar control and an adequate diet to prevent a rise in sugar.

You can read more articles similar to Risks of diabetes in pregnancy, in the Diabetes category on site.

Video: Gestational Diabetes: Managing Risk During and After Pregnancy Video - Brigham and Womens Hospital (May 2022).